It is the principal borough of the six municipalities that make up the State College Metropolitan Statistical Area, the largest settlement in Centre County and one of the principal cities of the greater State College-Du Bois Combined Statistical Area with a combined population of 236,577 as of the 2010 United States Census.In the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034 with approximately 105,000 living in the borough plus the surrounding townships often referred to locally as the "Centre Region." Many of these Centre Region communities also carry a "State College, PA" address although are not part of the borough of State College.
When Penn State changed its name from College to University in 1953, its president, Milton S.
Eisenhower, sought to persuade the town to change its name as well.
A referendum failed to yield a majority for any of the choices for a new name, and so the town remains State College. The post office, which has since moved across an alley to the Mc Allister Building, is the official home of ZIP code 16802 (University Park).
After this, Penn State requested a new name for its on-campus post office in the HUB-Robeson Center from the U. State College has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa).
Temperatures average 27.2 °F (−2.7 °C) in January and 72.1 °F (22.3 °C) in July.