The purpose of this website is to provide a balanced up-to-date evidence-based review of scientific studies on male circumcision that have been published mainly in reputable international medical and scientific journals after a formal, critical refereeing process by experts in the field.The information reviewed herein is the most extensive and accurate in the world. Most can be found by the reader in any medical library or Internet referencing service, such as Pub Med.The message they convey is quite clear and have helped in formulation of affirmative circumcision policy statements by major international and national organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics, the WHO, UNAIDS, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Circumcision Academy Australia over recent years.
Although it can be performed at any age, the ideal time is early in infancy. The public health benefits are enormous, and include protection from urinary tract infections, that are common over the lifetime and often cause permanent kidney damage in babies, phimosis, paraphimosis, thrush, and inflammatory skin conditions such as balanitis and balanoposthitis, inferior genital hygiene, smegma, sexually transmitted HIV, oncogenic types of human papillomavirus, genital herpes, trichomonas, mycoplasma, syphilis and chancroid, penile cancer, and prostate cancer.
In women circumcision of the male partner provides substantial protection from cervical cancer, genital herpes, bacterial vaginosis (formerly termed "gardnerella"), possibly Chlamydia (that can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy), and other infections.
Circumcision has socio-sexual benefits and reduces sexual problems with age and diabetes.
It has no adverse effect on penile sensitivity, erectile function, or sensation during sexual arousal and is reported to enhance the sexual experience for men.
Most women prefer the circumcised penis for appearance, hygiene, lower infection risk and sexual activity.